Despite frequent questions from our patients for an opinion on vitamins for hair, biotin, natural remedies to accelerate hair growth, preparations against hair loss and various other means to stimulate, strengthen and boost hair growth we recommend only two drugs that are FDA approved (Food and Drug Administration ), i.e. Minoxidil and Finasterid. With our prescription they can be purchased at any better pharmacy.
Minoxidil (Rogaine, Regaine, Pilfud) exists as a 2% solution for women and 5% solution for men. Minoxidil dilates blood vessels around hair follicles which increases the flow of nutrients and thus the growth of hair. It should be used as soon as possible; the best candidates are those who have thinning hair, but have not completely lost hairs.
The drug is rubbed into the scalp 2 times a day, 1 ml in the morning and in the evening. In a small number of patients it may lead to a re-growth of hair while in 80% of patients it is possible to slow hair loss. It must be used six months to see improvement. Side effects are rare, but usually it is irritation, dryness of the scalp and fingers used to rub in the substance.
Finasteride (Propecia, Proscar) inhibits the type II 5 α-reductase, the enzyme that converts testosterone to dihydrotestosterone (DHT). It can stop hair loss. In 80% – 90% of patients it slows or even stops hair loss in androgenic alopecia. A small number of patients observe the thickening of hair in the crown area.
The recommended dose is 1 mg per day. Progress is seen after 3-6 months. In some patients, in the first few months of use, the side effect is a decreased libido (sexual desire). When the drug is stopped using, the side effects cease.